What is exception in Java and its types?

In Java, exception is an event that occurs during the execution of a program and disrupts the normal flow of the program’s instructions. Bugs or errors that we don’t want and restrict our program’s normal execution of code are referred to as exceptions.

What are exceptions in Java?

What is Exception in Java? Dictionary Meaning: Exception is an abnormal condition. In Java, an exception is an event that disrupts the normal flow of the program. It is an object which is thrown at runtime.

What is Java exception class?

The exception class is a subclass of the Throwable class. … The Exception class has two main subclasses: IOException class and RuntimeException Class. Following is a list of most common checked and unchecked Java’s Built-in Exceptions.

What are the two types of exceptions in Java?

There are mainly two types of exceptions in Java as follows:
  • Checked exception.
  • Unchecked exception.

How many types of exceptions are there in Java?

There are three types of exception—the checked exception, the error and the runtime exception.

How many types of exceptions are there in selenium?

Selenium exceptions are divided into two types including Checked Exceptions and Unchecked Exceptions. Checked Exceptions are handled during the process of writing codes.

What is Java Lang exception?

The class Exception and its subclasses are a form of Throwable that indicates conditions that a reasonable application might want to catch.

What is finally block in Java?

The finally block in java is used to put important codes such as clean up code e.g. closing the file or closing the connection. The finally block executes whether exception rise or not and whether exception handled or not. A finally contains all the crucial statements regardless of the exception occurs or not.

What is TestNG in testing?

Definition: TestNG (Test Next Generation) is the testing framework. TestNG is inspired from JUnit and NUnit, but it has a new functionality that makes this framework more powerful and easier. TestNG is designed in such a way that it covers all the categories of tests comprising unit, functional and integration.

What is POM model?

Page Object Model, also known as POM, is a design pattern in Selenium that creates an object repository for storing all web elements. It is useful in reducing code duplication and improves test case maintenance. … Each class file will contain only corresponding web page elements.

What are TestNG annotations?

TestNG Annotations are used to describe a batch of code inserted into the program or business logic used to control the flow of methods in the test script. They make Selenium test scripts more manageable, sophisticated and effective.

What is TestNG and Maven?

xml is the configuration for TestNG testing framework (e.g. defining test suites, test listeners, etc…) pom. xml is the configuration for Maven build tool (e.g. defining build plugins, compile and test dependencies, build profiles, etc…)

Is TestNG an automation tool?

TestNG is an automation testing framework in which NG stands for “Next Generation”. TestNG is inspired by JUnit which uses the annotations (@). TestNG overcomes the disadvantages of JUnit and is designed to make end-to-end testing easy.

What is Cucumber in testing?

Cucumber is an open-source software testing tool written in Ruby. Cucumber enables you to write test cases that anyone can easily understand regardless of their technical knowledge.

What is difference between TestNG and Jenkins?

Jenkins is an automated build server while TestNG is for writing unit tests.

What is difference between POM and page factory?

In POM, you define locators using ‘By’ while in Page Factory, you use FindBy annotation to define page objects. Page Object Model is a design approach while PageFactory is a class which provides implementation of Page Object Model design approach.

What is the use of POM xml?

A Project Object Model or POM is the fundamental unit of work in Maven. It is an XML file that contains information about the project and configuration details used by Maven to build the project. It contains default values for most projects.

What is Cucumber Selenium?

Selenium is an automation tool for web apps, while Cucumber is an automation tool for behavior-driven development. Selenium executes UI tests while Cucumber does acceptance testing. … Selenium is a web browser automation tool. Cucumber is a behavior-driven development tool that can be used with Selenium (or Appium).

What is Maven and Jenkins?

Maven. Jenkins is an open-source continuous integration software tool. It was written for testing and reporting. A Maven is a build tool which helps in build and version control. Jenkins came in year 2011.

Can I use TestNG without Maven?

1 Answer. No, it wouldn’t be possible to execute Testng based Test Suite to be executed only through Maven i.e. using only pom.