APA stands for the American Psychological Association.
It is a style that people frequently use within the subjects of social sciencesAPA is the best and the most widely used citation style alongside MLA and Chicago styleToday, the widely used style is the 6th edition of the APA, and that’s why we will talk about it in this article.
How to cite a lecture APA
Many times, people use the software, apps, and online add-ons to generate citation styles. You will find a wide range of such apps online. All of them work very well. However, you will check the edition of the APA of MLA implemented in the app. For example, the app uses the 5th edition, and the school requires you to use the 6th edition, then don’t use that app.
In general, when you want to cite APA, you will learn it. The best way to do this is by using the template. You will find many guides online. Also, if you read this article carefully, you won’t need to download and read the guides. It is because we are going to cover it completely.
The structure of the APA format is easy and simple to understand. For instance, first, you will write the author’s name and then the year of publication. Next to it, you will write the title of the lecture or its name.
Then, if you are not using an online source, there is no need to add the URL. If you are using an online source, it is good to add the URL from where you are citing. Here is an example.
Author name. Publication Year. Lecture Title. Retrieved from URL
Let us give you a more accurate example: Michael R. (2019). Common ways to predict computational technique for cellular biology [Lecture Notes]. Retrieved from https://ABC.com.
How to Cite a Book APA
Now, you have learned about citing a lecture in APA. If you want to learn citing the book, then continue reading this article. There are different ways to cite a book, such as in print, eBook, and database.
Let us first talk about the print version of the citation. The structure is almost the same, but there are a few exceptions. For example, you will write the name of the author and then the year of the publication. Next, you will write the title of the work. Make sure the title is italic. Also, you will write the publisher’s city and state.
An example of this is Michael R. (2005). ABC. Miami, Florida: XYZ. Remember, when you cite the book, you will capitalize on the first letter of each word as well as the title. If there are any subtitles, you will also make all of them capital. You will likewise italicize the full title and the subtitles of the book.
How to cite an eBook APA
When it comes to electronic books or eBooks, APA provides a different citation style. So, you will use the name of the author, followed by the year of the publication. Next, you will write the title of the book and use square parentheses. In between them, you will mention “the e-reader version.” Once done, you will finish the citation with “retrieved from the URL.”
For example, Michael R. (2006). ABC [E-Reader Version]. Retrieved from https://xyz.com. You can also write the DOI of the book instead of the URL. Both are okay, in general. But, ask your instructor about it so that you avoid making mistakes.
How to cite a journal article APA
These days, students of higher education institutions use online journal articles. Almost 95% of the journal articles are available online in different databases across the web. So, the APA format for a journal article online is the name of the author followed by the year of publication.
Once you have written them, you will mention the title of the article. After that, you will mention the periodical title and then the volume. Next, you will mention the page number and follow it with the DOI. You can also use the URL in it. Let us clarify this with an example.
Author. (Year of publication). Title of the article. Periodical title. Volume. Page number. URL or DOI. Remember, you will have to italicize the periodical title and the volume in the citation.
A perfect example of this is Michael R. (1990). Diagnoses of Diabetes Mellitus: The Advanced Techniques. American Journal of Diabetes. 35(4), 230-243. DOI: 82.2451.
Remember, when you create an online journal citation, you will not include the date. Also, you will not mention the database information. You can use the journal homepage URL if you don’t find the DOI number.
APA is the most widely used citation in social sciences. Higher educational institutions instruct their students to use this style because it is easy and simple to use. So, use the above methods to cite a lecture, journal article, and a book.