Commercial door closers come in several varieties. Some offer manual adjustments while others keep the low-profile offering which if once fixed, you have to reinstall to make modifications. With a set of screws, you can manage the slamming of the door that makes a lot of noise or make it smoother. Also, the placement of the door closer makes a difference. All you might need is a pair of screwdrivers and you are good to go on a quick DIY task.
Door Closer Problems
There can be undue pressure or sturdiness in a door closed if the installation was not done properly. If you are not a professional and take up this task on your own, there can be potential flaws in the placement. Then, depending on the construction of the door, for example, if it is made of glass, a problem with the door closer can translate to a bigger problem if the entire door might need replacement.
- Withstand heavy winds is not the task for a light-duty door closer. It cannot just damage your door closer, or even break it; it can break the door itself. The tiny arm supporting the tension and pressure can snap apart, resulting in the door to slam hard and even break around the frames. Therefore, applying a door closer should start with the intended application.
- Light duty door closers are more appropriate for an indoor setting while areas where you have frequent hurricanes and gale-force winds, you are in trouble. For the main doors that directly face the winds, using a heavy-duty door close, in some cases more than one is a necessity. While in an office inside a building, in front of your personal cabin, light-duty door closers are more than sufficient because they are just to close the door behind a person.
- Misalignment is another big concern for door closers. If the installation was improper and the placement or the type of door closer is unsuitable for the weight and torque of the door, the door closer can cause misalignment.
- It can result in warped doors, shattered glass, slamming of doors, and frame damage. If the door closer was installed right when installing the door, the problems can grow with time, and within a few months can affect the opening and closing of the door itself.
- Some low and cheap quality door closers do not have the proper functionality and parts. For example, you would want your door closer to at least have a dead stop.
- The dead stops are small rubber parts that keep the door from opening any further, like small bumpers. The rubber helps to soften the blow against the arm of the closer as well. This allows it to increase the tension and avoid overextension of the closure.
Concealed Door Closer Adjustment
These are aesthetically more pleasing but technically not heavy duty and fragile. It is great for attaching it to the frame itself when installing the door, or in indoor settings. As the door closer sits inside the top portion of the door, the door must be designed in the same manner. This video gives a glimpse at the mechanism behind one such offering.
- Though there are several types, depending on the model and make of the door closer, the adjustments can vary as well. Some are easy to install if your door has the slot for the same. Others might need a carpenter to make some modifications if you have a wooden door. For glass doors with wooden or aluminum frames, having hollow frames are suitable for these type of door closers.
- All door closers come with an instruction manual on the installation. This also has the tips on adjustments and calibrating the door closer depending on the stiffness of your door, its weight, torque per pound, etc. So, you have to keep this leaflet in your hands when operating. This also has the list of parts which is very useful to know what is what so that you can make the modifications.
Use an Open-Ended Wrench
- Using an open-ended wrench, you can turn the spindle of the door closer to the hold-open position. One must make sure that the turns are in the right direction, some have clockwise and some might have anticlockwise. If the door closer has no hold-open feature, turning the spindle with the open wrench until it gets to 90 degrees is a suitable idea.
- Then, the closing-speed adjustment spring or valve is visible. In some dor closers, the screws are set aside for easy adjustments. Turning around a complete turn can stiffen the springs by one unit. You can always check and see if you are happy. In such cases, you don’t have to remove the closer to make adjustments, and this saves time and effort.
Hydraulic Door Closer Adjustment
The most common types of door closers are of the type we explain here. Ordinarily, the doors should have a 5 pound open and a 5-second close, and anything abnormal might look and cause problems like slamming of doors, noise, misalignment, etc. we have mentioned above already. There, external mounted hydraulic door closers are the most common types, where you can install them separately afterward. You do not need any special type of door, and this makes it very flexible as well.
- With this video you can check out some of the most common issues with hydraulic door closers, and how to fix it without any hassle. All you need is the right pair of tools, which are also commonly available in a household.
- Most of these third-party external hydraulic door closers come with standard two-set adjustments. One that can adjust the tension, and the other the speed. You can use a pair of levers, often provided with the box of the door closer, to make the adjustments. You can use a 5/32 Allen Key, the standard tool in many such adjustments, and available at any hardware store.
- The first adjustment is the Sweep. This controls the speed. This is usually available on one side of the door closer. The other one is ‘Open’, which is on the other side of the closer. They can both rotate clockwise or anticlockwise to make adjustments to speed and opening torque.
- For example, if the closer is tight when opening, which is not advisable and slams close very quickly, again undesirable, the ‘Sweep’ and ‘Open’ must go clockwise in both cases. Using the Allen key turn the right side about a quarter turn, and check where it gets you. Then, turn the other side with the Allen key and see what change it does.
- By simply changing the turns, that is tightening the screws, and checking by opening and closing the door, you can set them, or reset them to the right amount of torque and speed. This fixes your adjustments. In some cases, they might need adjustments from time to time, such as in some months or so.
How to Adjust Door Closer Hinge?
The final adjustments are on the latch, which controls the hinges on the door itself. The latch makes the arms by spreading the pressure evenly. To do this adjustment, you need the same Allen key and turn the screw for the latch clockwise. This tightens the arms a bit and increases the closing time. The hinge of the door closer is the pair of arms with the rotating pivot that does all the work. While one end of the hinge is on the top of the door, on its frame, the other end is on the door itself. There are three rotating parts, and the middle rotating mechanism is the hinge.
How do I Stop My Door Closer from Slamming?
To avoid the door from slamming, you can use a pair of rubber dead stops on the door closer and on the hinges. This can avoid misalignment and damage to the door itself. Then, adjust the door closer by using the above methods and set the desired speed. If you do not have a door closer, and the door slams, there is a problem with the alignment itself. Mending the hinges is one way while using a door closer is a second way.
How do You Calibrate a Door Closer?
Most door closers come calibrated from the factory. Otherwise, the carpenter will calibrate it depending on your door. This means you will know to turn the screws by how many turns affects the speed and closing time by how many seconds and so on.
- Select the type of door closer depending on the intended application. It can save time and money in the long run.
- Misaligned doors, slamming of doors are common problems that a door closer can solve easily, without having to repair or reinstall the door completely.
- To adjust a door closer, all you need is an Allen Key, but such features come only with some models and brands, so choose wisely.