Acquiring chia seeds should be the first step. You can find them at garden stores, or from herbs and medicinal seeds. This will probably be the most straightforward task since chia seeds are common.
Below are the steps on how to grow chia seeds
- Soil preparation
It is time to prepare the pot or soil to plant the seed. If the idea is the pot, use medium pots as the plant can reach a height of one meter. In any case, choose a place with sunshine.
To plant the seeds, it is possible to do this in a pot or with wet cotton, like when you plant beans. If your choice is the pot, leave the soil a little moist and deposit the seeds on the soil without burying. In the case of cotton, the idea is the same.
Leave the cotton moist and the seeds on it. For sowing at the agricultural level, it is advisable to use between 10 to 15 kg of seeds per ha.
You can water the seeds every two days. Between 10 and 14 days, you will be able to see the sprouts, and it is at that moment that you should think about transplanting to the definitive location, which should be done after 15 days from the time it was placed on the wet soil or the cotton.
Remember that the plant requires constant sun, but not necessarily very rich soil. The recommended distance between plants for cultivation is at least 20 centimetres between each of the plants in the row. The spacing between rows should be at least 70 centimetres.
Are you going to transplant the chia? So remember that the plant prefers drier land, and the soil must be well-drained. Also, remember that the sun must be constant. The plant should not be in the shade for long.
- Climatic Conditions
Another critical factor in the sowing of chia seeds is the climatic factor. It should not drop below 10 degrees at any time of the year. It is advisable to plant the seed between February and May.
Use natural fertilizers before the germination of the seeds. For the seedbeds, the use of compost or humus is the most recommended. For the plantations, it is recommended around 200 – 300 kg of manure per ha.
During the year, depending on the acidity and nutrient conditions of the soil, nitrogen, phosphorus, and potion should be added in variable amounts depending on the condition of the terrain, usually around 45/100/90.
Another thing to consider in the cultivation of chia is humidity control. This plant is highly sensitive to humidity in poorly drained soils, so puddles and prolonged humidity levels should be avoided at all costs to more than 50%. The chia plant is quite resistant to drought.
Chia seeds grow in the same way as beans. This means that it carries its seeds in pods. The chia harvest process occurs in periods of approximately four months. This is the time it takes for the flower to grow from where the seed is extracted.
In general, the cultivation process is measured by the color of the plant’s flora, which is deep purple when it begins. Over the months, the color of the flowers disappears, and it dries up.
Once the flower has a uniform brown hue, it is the opportune moment for the harvest. If this is done through the plant’s bias, it should avoid cutting less than 10 cm to allow the plant to grow again. The number of harvests that can be carried out in the year is limited to a maximum of 2, and the life cycle of the plant can reach six years of age.
How to Grow Chia Seeds at Home
The chia has become fashionable, and why not? It is full of vitamins and minerals, and they help the body a lot. They fight fat, regulate body weight, and are very easy to use. These little seeds are lovely. Planting and growing chia at home are very simple; what you should do is:
- Place some seeds in the soil and cover them with 1 or 2 cm of the same soil. After a week, you will see the first plants sprout. Water them from time to time, consider that the pot where the seeds should have holes in the bottom for the excess water to drain off.
- Please select the best sprouts of the chia and pass them to a place where they receive a lot of light. Light is necessary for them to bear fruit.
- When the petals have fallen, it is time to collect the seeds and let them dry.
- Once dry, select the best seeds and store them in a jar for you to use whenever possible.
How to Grow Chia Seeds Sprouts
Before starting, it is essential to maintain adequate hygiene conditions throughout the process. Since high humidity conditions make the environment conducive to bacteria. To prevent these from ruining your day, follow these steps:
- Use well-cleaned and disinfected containers/sprouts.
- Rinse the seeds well before beginning the process.
- Use specialized seeds for growing shoots.
- Change the water from the germination process daily.
- Rinse the sprouts before consuming them.
- To make sprouts at home you don’t need a lot of material, you just need:
- Germinating bag
- Germination seeds of your choice
How to Grow Chia Seeds in a Pot
- First, get the seeds. You can get the seeds in garden stores or herbs and medicinal stores, etc. Due to its popularity, this stage will not be difficult at all.
- Prepare a pot. You can use common and organic fertilizer and humus and for more uniform germination. You can plant the seeds in medium pots because they can reach a maximum height of one meter.
- They need a lot of sun for germination, and it can be made in the pot or with wet cotton. To plant in the pot, leave the soil slightly moist and deposit the seeds on the soil without burying them as they need sun.
- You can water every two days, and chia seeds usually take 10 to 14 days, and after a week, you can see the sprouts.
- The chia seeds grow like beans, carrying their seeds in pods. It is essential to know that the transplant to the final location can occur after the 15 days after sowing in damp soil. The nursery should have enough sunlight.
- Chia does not require rich soil and you can water them from time to time. It does well in semi-dry to wet soil. You should ensure that the soil is well-drained and away from shading.
- You can pick the seeds when the fruits are already open, don’t worry about having males or females as their flowers are asexual.
- At this time, the plant stops growing. The part where its fruits were to be cut should be cut so that they can grow again and give new seeds.