Hibiscus is not just a single flowering plant, but a family of them. Also known as China Rose, it is a genus of flowering plants in the Mallow Family. Pruning a Hibiscus is a natural way to maintain its growth, and keep it healthy. In fact, this genus comprises over 100 varieties of species, but pruning them is very much the same.
Hard Prune Hibiscus
This is one of the most extreme ways to keep the plant from getting out of shape. It is also less time consuming because you don’t have to keep track of nitty-gritty details whether it is a leggy branch or something else, it can consume so much effort.
- A hard prune comes to rescue here and involves cutting down all the branches without hesitation.
- It will expose the plant with bare essentials to living growth tissues only. A hard prune hibiscus will look completely black and has to start growing all over again.
- Usually, this involves cutting the perennial hibiscus completely in late winter, leaving about 6 inches of stem only.
When should Hibiscus be Pruned?
Even though the Hibiscus is a perennial plant, pruning it in the wrong season can dormant its growth and can kill it as well. Therefore, several experts believe that early spring or late winter should be the only time for cutting the hibiscus completely, that is, hard pruning it. Because hibiscus is a family of flowers, there are several varieties and they have certain different characteristics as well. These factors can also affect the time of pruning.
- The best time, although, always depends on the local climate and the season. In some areas, there is no autumn while some areas have 9 months of rain. Such geographical diversity should also play an important role.
- Though some varieties thrive in the temperate climate and summery seasons, others will do well only in pots.
- Some like indoors and cool temperatures, and will shrink and become leggy in the sun. These are pretty much indoor hibiscus flowers.
- In all such cases, following a general rule that ‘pruning when the temperatures are increasing’ is advisable. Following this rule of thumb is great for all varieties, despite subtle differences.
- This means avoiding times when it is the start of autumn or the beginning of winter, as temperatures begin to decline during these seasons.
Should I Cut Back My Potted Hibiscus?
Pruning a hibiscus plant annually is a general recommendation. All gardeners and those involved in horticulture, do this as a regular routine especially, if you have a potted plant with a tropical hibiscus. If you have a variety with an evergreen plant that stays indoors during the winter to keep it warm and healthy, it will turn leggy and will require very frequent pruning, that too severely. So, whether you should cut back your potted plant, entirely depends on factors like time of the year, conditions like temperature, and so on.
- If it is a tropical hibiscus, it will produce new branches and nodes after a trim, and these will continue to blossom all the year-round. They are perennial by nature and do not require much attention.
- Caring a potted hibiscus is not that difficult. You can bring it indoors and prune it by up to 50%. This makes it the size that is manageable in an indoor setting.
- Also, take care to douse foliage and the container with a vigorous spray of water from the hose to remove any pests and bugs that can start infecting the plant. It should also remove any dirt from the plant. Especially, the warm climate attracts these bugs even more.
- If you want to prune and cut all the way back to the stem, you can also administer this with a potted plant, but take care to leave branches and nodes to help it grow back again. It will take more time to see the results and know if the plant is still alive.
How do You Keep Hibiscus from Getting Leggy?
A stringy and swaying down hibiscus plant can deter the growth of its branches and flowers. It is not possible to push it back to under control, without some pruning or cutting down its damaged areas such as dead leaves, twigs, and so on. Some even consider heavy pruning where the entire structure is cut down allowing the hibiscus to start growing all over again from its stem.
- But, to avoid the plant from getting leggy, hard pruning is not necessary. A regular light trimming is more than sufficient.
- Hibiscus plants can tolerate and even benefit from a heavy pruning, but light trimming can also bring it back from a leggy posture. But, if the plant looks way more damaged, it is best to completely prune it to the stem.
- First, you must cut and remove all the leggy limbs, bring back the plant to the desired shape, and then remove the dead or damaged wood, leaves, twigs at this time. This is like a finishing touch to the plant now. Removing crossing and leggy branches is the last step to keep it in shape.
- This will stop the hibiscus plant from growing very tall, which is a natural thing because it is not a shrub or herb. This will also avoid it from getting entwined or spindly where it turns and makes curves growing out of control.
How do You Shape a Hibiscus?
To maintain your hibiscus plant in shape, you have to work with it on a constant basis. Not all plants will grow in the same manner, and this will need more care. For a hibiscus that does not have ample space and sunlight, it can start growing slantingly, stunted growth in one direction, or start falling off and become leggy too often. Thus, shaping a hibiscus needs effort, space, good conditions like temperature and sunlight.
- Hibiscus is a plant that can tolerate any amount of pruning, too heavy, and severe as well. If you leave just six inches of its stem with nodes and branches, it can grow all over again. So, this way, the plant is perennial and pretty much hassle-free.
- Many people like to shape their hibiscus such as keeping it in proper height, bushy, not too thin or too thick, and so on. Shaping it aesthetically in desired shapes like a sphere or a nice oval all around is a hobby with many. This adds a beauty factor alongside keeping the plant healthy.
- When shaping a hibiscus, they should be cut about halfway to one-third of the way back. That is, leaving two-thirds intact. This should leave at least two to three nodes on the branches and allow new growth to emerge from them.
- Remember that the cuts must always be made just above the nodes, leaving about a quarter of an inch. Then remove any excess of the weak, dead, or diseased branches, Remove any crossing or leggy twigs that come in the way, and shape it in the desired manner.
How to Thin Out Hibiscus?
Thinning out a hibiscus means to cut it down to a manageable shape, height, and size. It also means to remove the oldest of the branches to keep the plant thin and slender. As the hibiscus grows it develops many quite long and hardy branches. Some are almost dead or even weak and dry. Some are dormant and are left without fresh nodes or flowers.
- To thin out such hibiscus plants, usually outdoors, remove one-third of the longest, and oldest of the hard dry branches. From the tropical hibiscus, removing dormant branches does not affect its growth.
- If a hardy hibiscus has not died back, taking canes out at the base or where the main branch joins is a great idea. Some of them die back on their own and will fall out if you just put it or give it a single cut. The main thing is to take care of those that are not.
- Then, you have to distribute the cuts throughout the plant, to both thin it and encourage the growth of new flowering stems and branches. This is a process that one has to repeat at regular intervals. But, you can also do it annually, and save a lot of time.
- Thinning a hibiscus makes it look fresh, like new. It has thinner and slender, more manageable branches all over. It looks bright and upright as well.
- Pruning a tropical hibiscus is a hassle-free way to maintain its shape and health.
- Usually, all varieties of hibiscus need pruning or cutting when the temperatures are on the rise, such as by the end of winter or early spring.
- There are more than 100 varieties of hibiscus with indoor, outdoor, perennial, and many more species.