Health is wealth, no doubt about that.

Your oral health is as important as the health of other organs in your body.

It is important to prevent cavities or decaying of teeth to keep your oral health upright. Although you implant new teeth, there is no alternative to natural teeth.

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Research shows that the adult population suffers the most from dental cavities though it can affect people of all ages.

If you leave your dental cavities untreated, they can cause further complications and you may lose your teeth completely.

How do cavities occur?

Plaque is a condition that occurs when food and microbes, especially bacteria accumulate in your teeth. The microbes in plaque produce acidic secretions, which can erode the enamel located on the teeth surface.

If you want to get rid of plaques, you need to brush your teeth. Make sure you floss your teeth accurately.

If you allow building up of the plaque, it can cause cavities. What is a cavity? Well, it a hole in your tooth. If you don’t treat it, it can destroy your tooth.

So much so, untreated cavities can cause further complications such as an infection and teeth abscess.

The infection can get into your bloodstream, which can harm your health. There are certain areas in your mouth, which are at higher risk of developing plaques.

These areas include your molars’ chewing surfaces where food bits can collect in the crevices and grooves. Plaques that leads to cavities can also occur between your teeth. Similarly, cavities can also occur in the bottom area of your teeth – i.e. the gums.

Some food items such as ice cream, hard candy, dry fruits, soda, chips cookies, and cake cling to your teeth.

Therefore, doctors recommend brushing your teeth after eating any of these food items. This way, you can avoid the buildup of food bits and bacteria. Research shows that cavities affect both children and adults.

Signs and symptoms of a cavity

There are a few signs and symptoms, which indicate the occurrence of a cavity. It is important to know these signs and symptoms so that you can do your analysis and determine whether or not you have a cavity.

Sensitivity to Hot and Cold

If you feel that your teeth are sensitive to hot or cold food items, this could be a sign of having a cavity.

When your tooth’s enamel begins to wear away, it affects the dentin – a hard tissue layering below the enamel. This hard tissue has different smaller hollow tubes.

Hot and cold food items or beverages can cause the stimulation of nerve and cells inside your tooth.

This usually happens when you don’t have enough enamel content in the teeth to protect the dentin. As a result, the condition leads to sensitivity.

Sensitivity to Sweets

Research studies have confirmed that cold and hot beverages/foods are common sensitivities that indicate the development of plaques and cavities.

Some dental research studies have highlighted that people lingering sensitivity to sugary drinks and sweets can also suffer from tooth decay.

Discomfort from sweets, just like temperature sensitivity, can cause damage to your tooth enamel, which leads to the development of a cavity.

Stained Tooth

If your tooth is stained or if there are any stains on it, then you have chances of developing a cavity. The stains usually have a white appearance. They look like white spots.

With the advancement of tooth decay, the stains become darker. This can cause a cavity, which has either white, black, or brown appearance. This type of cavity usually appears on the tooth surface.


Toothache is the most prominent symptom of having a cavity. If you have a toothache that is not going away even after you have taken some painkillers, it indicates that you have a cavity.

Likewise, pain is the sign of the tooth cavity itself. Sometimes, your toothache comes on suddenly. Other times, it is because of some food like hard candy.

No matter the reason for the pain, it is important to treat the pain as it is extremely discomforting and makes your mouth sore. If the pain prolongs, you may have difficulty eating food.

Tooth hole

If there are any white spots on your tooth, this is the indication of cavity development. The situation gets intense when there is a pit or hole in your tooth.

Use a hand-held mirror, open your mouth, and see if there is a pit or hole. You can also run your tongue on the tooth surface to determine the hole.

Some holes occur between the crevices and you can’t see them. So, if you feel sensitivity or pain in your mouth, it means you have a cavity.

Likewise, if you notice a pit or hole in your tooth, it is time to see your dentist. A hole in your tooth is the clearest sign that you have a cavity, which will lead to tooth decay.


Dental hygiene is important for your overall health and wellbeing. Your mouth acts as a gateway for food items.

At the same time, it is an entryway for microbes like bacteria and viruses. So, to avoid cavities in your teeth, make sure you brush your teeth before and after eating your meals or at least in the morning and before going to bed.

Lastly, if you have any of the above signs and symptoms, consult your dentist immediately so that he or she prescribes you medication or any other treatment.

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