Dragon fruit is an exotic tropical fruit which is also known as pitaya. You might have come across them in stores. It tastes like kiwi but way more subtle. It belongs to the family of cactuses which have the most impressive flowers in the world. The fruit is native to Central America. It usually grows in the sub-tropical and tropical climate. Take a lake at the steps to grow dragon fruit in a pot. But before you start with the process, you need to keep in mind that it is planted in the hot summer months.
- Choosing the Pot
Choose a ball as per the size of the plant’s root ball. Keep in mind that it has to be one or two sizes larger. Start with the planting in 10-12 inches deep and 5-gallon pot. Make sure that you keep repotting when the plants appear to be root bound. A pot that is 20-24 inches deep and is 25-30 gallon is capable of holding a mature dragon fruit plant.
- Requirements to Grow the Fruit
Like mentioned earlier, it is a cactus, this means that it loves sun and heat. So, plant in a place where it is sunny and dry. Choose a location that is partially shaded.
The plant is a climbing cactus which means it requires support for climbing. With maturity, the plants develop aerial roots from the branches and get something to climb. Keep something for supporting the plant.
Choose well-drained soil which is loamy and sandy. Better get a mix of garden soil.
Being a cactus, it needs moderate water. Water if only the soil dries out.
- Fertilizing the Dragon Fruit
You have to fertilize the plant using a balanced fertilizer. Do this month during the active growing season of the plant. Do not fertilize in winter in case you are growing it in cold weather. Occasionally, you can side dress with compost or aged manure.
- Pruning of the Dragon Fruit
You have to prune for training the plant on a trellis, prevent fungal infection, enhance air circulation, and maintain the height. If you don’t, it might grow up to be 20 feet tall. Prune it annually and remove the dead and overcrowding stems.
- Pollination of the Dragon Fruit
Most of the varieties are self-pollinating. However, there are some that need cross-pollination. In such cases, you will have to grow two or more of these plants closely for the purpose of cross-pollination. The flowers of the fruit are nocturnal; the pollination takes place through bats and moths.
- Harvesting the Dragon Fruit
Inappropriate climate, the plant bears fruit multiple times, starting from summer until late fall and at times, in winter. However, when grown in the temperate region, fruits are borne between summers to mid-fall. The plant produces flowers with the establishment. It happens 1-2 years within the planting. Harvest the fruit when you see the color change from bright green to pink or red.