Why? Often has a medial /t/ that, like similar words such has “hasten” and “soften,” was once pronounced and is now typically silent. Unlike the similar words, pronouncing the “t” in “often” has returned in some modern usage.
So, the “g” is not actually pronounced as a “g,” but it is not a “silent” letter either. It is actually pronounced in words such as “anger” and “linger”—but the same sort of thing does not happen in “strength” and “length” because of the “th” sound that follows immediately after.
The word “schedule” can be somewhat confusing, even for native speakers. The reason is that it is pronounced differently in the UK and in the US. In the UK, the prevalent pronunciation is /ˈʃɛdjuːl/ (shed-yool), while the prevalent pronunciation in the US is /ˈskɛdʒuːl/ (skedzh-ool).
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