When it comes to training a puppy, it is important to consider a few factors such as patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement.
When you focus on these things, you would be able to instill good habits in your petThis way, the training objective is achieved adequately and a love bond is created between you and your furry friend.
You need at least three to four months to fully train your puppy. Remember, if you are not an experienced trainer or if you haven’t got a puppy before, then it may take a year to train your puppy.
The size of the puppy affects training time and effectiveness. For example, smaller breeds require frequent outside trips. The reason is that they have higher metabolism rates. Another important thing is the previous living condition of the puppy, which also influences its training.
In today’s article, we will tell you how to train a puppy. Read each step mentioned in this article carefully so that you understand all the essential information.
5 Steps to Train a Puppy
Step 1: The first step is to create a regular feeding schedule for your puppy. Make sure you feed it with proper food and take away the food between the meals so that your puppy knows the amount of food that needs to be consumed.
Step 2: The second step is about taking your puppy out for at least one hour in the morning. After 5-6 hours, it is important to take your puppy out for at least thirty minutes. Make sure you take your puppy outside after each meal.
Expert trainers suggest that taking a puppy for a walk after a nap also improves its metabolism. It is also good for muscle development.
Step 3: The next step is to train your puppy to go to the same location or spot where it will urine or potty. Smelling the scent will allow your puppy to regularly go to the same spot. This, in particular, is a good idea when it comes to keeping the home environment hygienic.
Step 4: Your puppy needs to be trained outside first. This is why you have to stay with him outside. Once it is trained outside, you can take it home and continue the training process. The house training procedure can only be started after you have trained your puppy outside.
Step 5: When your puppy can eliminate its potty or urine outside, it is important to reward your puppy. Simply praise him or give your puppy a treat. Once such a nice reward is taking him to the neighborhood and walk around so that he gets some fresh air.
These are the five basic steps to train your puppy. Treat your puppy nicely. It must not fear you – otherwise, your puppy will develop bad habits.
How to train a puppy to sit?
There are different techniques to train a puppy to sit. However, we are going to tell you about some basic methods, which will help you train your puppy to follow your commands and sit.
“Capturing” is one of the most popular methods when it comes to training your puppy to sit. This method is characterized by standing in from the puppy and holding its food. Don’t give him the food until he sits. Say “Yes” after he sits and gives him the food.
Following the “Capturing” method, you must step sideways or backward to show the puppy that you want him to stand and sit again. Give him the food again after he sits. Repeat this several times. After this, you must say “Sit” the moment your puppy begins to sit.
“Luring” is another popular method or option used by owners to train their puppies. This method illustrates you to get down before your puppy and hold dog food as a lure. You must put the food in front of your puppy’s nose and then lift it above his head slowly. Your puppy will sit while lifting his head to nibble at the food.
Don’t make your puppy tired. Follow a nice and decent approach. Allow your puppy to eat the food while his body stays on the ground.
Repeat this step a few times with dog food lure. After doing this a couple of times, you need to repeat this step with your empty hand. However, you still need to reward your puppy every time he sits on the ground.
After your puppy understands your hand signal, you must start saying “sit” while signaling your hand. Don’t force your puppy to sit as this can irritate him.
How to train a puppy not to bark?
There are various ways to train a puppy not to bark. Teach your puppy to respond to “Hush” and stop barking. Walk up to your puppy while it is barking with a food item and place your hand right in front of its nose. This way, your puppy can smell the food but would not be able to get it.
To sniff the food item in your closed hand, your puppy will stop barking. Once your puppy is quiet or stops barking, you must say “hush” or any other word you would like to say. The next step is to toss the food item a couple of steps away from the puppy.
You must repeat this process until your puppy responds to the word “hush” without making you hold the food in your hand in front of his nose. Once your puppy follows the command, you can give him the treat.
Besides, you can ask your puppy to do more if he wants the food. For example, you can ask him to come to you and wait silently. Most dog owners used this technique to calm their puppies and dogs to make them stop barking.
How to train a puppy to be alone?
After having a new puppy and it is his first time at home, you can train your puppy to be alone. However, make sure you do this in short intervals so that he settles in well.
In general, puppies need to sleep for at least 15 hours daily – so when you leave him alone for a couple of hours, you can train him to stay alone for a while.
When you have brought a new puppy home, make sure you don’t take it everywhere you go. Otherwise, it can get over-attached with you and become more emotional – thus it would have difficult times without you leading to separation anxiety.
So, it is your responsibility to start teaching your puppy that you won’t be by his side every time. Also, this does not mean that you start ignoring your puppy. A moderate approach is always good and recommended by expert trainers.
How to train a puppy for potty?
Potty cue is probably the best method to train a puppy for potty. For instance, when he barks, just open the door and allow him to go outside so that he can do his business.
If you don’t want your puppy to bark, you can try a bell and when he rings it, again, open the door and take him outside.
Keep in mind that this method is only adequate for potty. You must not allow your puppy to go outside for other reasons or play too much.
The ringing bell is just for potty purposes. Otherwise, your puppy may think that ringing the bell around his neck is just for play and not for potty.
In case you don’t the potty cue anymore, you can train your puppy with other methods. First, it is always the barking of the puppy, which indicates he needs to go for potty.
However, if your puppy barks nonstop, you can teach them with a new cue such as placing a rug by the door and allow him to sit on it every time he needs to go for potty.
Crate potty training is another method you can use to train your puppy for potty. Before you start this type of training, you need a crate with the right size. Remember, your puppy needs a crate with enough space so that he can stand up, lie down, or turn around.
If you provide your puppy with a roomy crate, he will learn to sleep in one corner of the crate and relieve itself in the other.
Today, on the market, you can find a wide range of crates for your puppy. Some even come with dividers, which means you can adjust the size of the crate according to the size of your puppy.
How to train a puppy for a leash?
Although it is not easy to leash train your puppy, he must learn this skill so that he can enjoy walking with you outside.
Leash training a dog is perhaps the most important skill that you must start practicing. This, in particular, is useful when you bring home a new puppy. So, how to train a puppy for a leash? Let’s find out!
There are a few things you need to consider while leash training your puppy. First, you must get him to use to a least and a collar. You must allow your puppy to drag the leash, which is attached to his collar while he is running or playing around the house.
The basic purpose is to make him comfortable with the collar and the leash. Don’t go too aggressive, otherwise, the leash thing is pointless.
Choose a familiar place or place for your puppy to have short training sessions. Remember, puppies have shorter attention span – so, you can’t make him keep interested in the training process for longer. Always keep the duration of the sessions short so that your puppy does not get irritated.
Besides, you can start with a walk in the backyard or around the house. These are the places where your puppy is familiar with the smells already. Thus, your puppy will not get confused or jump here and there to smell new odors. Some of the factors you need to consider while leash training your puppy are:
Keep a short leash
Many people think that keep a puppy on a short leash is mistreating the pet. Some people get too emotional and utterly say that short leashes are an insult to the puppy.
However, the reality is that when you keep your puppy on a short leash, you will train him better. So, for successful leash training, a short leash is the key.
A short leash allows you to keep your puppy close to you. This way, he does not stay away from you. This enables your puppy to learn walking to you and in the most disciplined way. If your puppy wants to play, make sure you let out the lead a bit.
Keep the puppy at your side
To control your puppy’s direction, keep him at your side. For instance, when you allow your puppy to walk in front of you instead of at your side, then you might not be able to control his direction.
Allowing your puppy to walk behind or in front of you means that he will start smelling everything by wander off here and there. So, make sure you do things carefully – especially when it comes to leash training. Otherwise, the leash will get tangled underneath your puppy.
Don’t be too lenient with your puppy in the beginning. Check the training progress and if you think your puppy is following your commands – in this case walking by your side, you can become a little more lenient with him.
Praise Your Puppy for good behavior
Do you know heeling? It refers to your puppy’s walking behavior on a loose leash. When your puppy behaves well on a loose leash, you must praise him. Offer him a treat to earn his loyalty.
Remember, you must not – by any means – pull your puppy along. For example, if your puppy does not want to walk, you must not pull the leash. It is because it can cause injuries to him. The best way to keep your puppy motivated on a leash it to reward him.