The record written with the aid of a lawyer for the advantage of a consumer is known as a legal memorandum. It explains a particular area of law, it explains the given fact pattern in mild of the law and makes advice for a course of motion-based totally at the analysis. To write a legal memorandum is needed that you suppose like a lawyer. Therefore, you have to pay attention to details and separate your non-public feelings from your sound felony judgments. Important to each legal memo is to very well studies the relevant law.

  1. Evaluation of the Client’s Query

Clients come to lawyers with questions. Commonly, they need to know if they can legally do something, or they’re worried approximately their potential felony legal responsibility for something that they have already finished.

  • Get to handle your customer’s question so that you can appropriately solve it.
  • In case you don’t understand the question, Email or call the customer to talk about it.
  • If you don’t know what your customer is asking, then you definitely write a memo on the tangential issue and waste treasured time.
  1. Review the Document or Court Record

The report contains basic statistics that help you to get an idea of the troubles that you will analyze. Make sure to examine the entire document very carefully – missing even the slightest element ought to suggest you attain an incorrect end.

  • Don’t dismiss aside something in the file.
  • If you couldn’t decipher a bit of handwriting (a doctor’s prescription, for example), then seek to assist until you can make certain you have to read and understand everything.
  • The court record contains the pleadings which filed with the court which includes the authentic complaint, any solution to that complaint, counterclaims, cross-complaints, counterclaims and many other pleadings or motions that submitted to the courtroom.

Request additional files – depending on your requirement you have to take a decision of getting more files.

  • In case you want more details to help solve a legal query, ask the customer.
  • If you writing a memo to a senior lawyer, then ask him if he will request the information or documents from the customer.
  1. Discovering the Law
  • Communicate with other legal professionals. In case you are discovering a strange region of law, then speaking with other attorneys can come up with a widespread feeling of what to look for.
  • Ask them for memos dealing with this particular law.
  • If the answer is yes, ask for a copy to see.
  • At a bigger company, the memos can be stored on an internet form bank.
  1. Background Research

Once you’ve got identified the region of law that applies, do initial background research. A nutshell or hornbook is a superb introductory supply to the law.

  • Legal practice manuals published with the aid of your state bar affiliation is a brilliant useful resource.
  • Law libraries ought to have them.
  • They may also have legal subscription services which include Westlaw or LexisNexis.
  • Study them carefully.
  • Observe keywords or phrases generally used.
  1. Ask a Law Librarian for Assist

You could ask the librarian for help to find out the information/cases in the vicinity of law that memo implicates and jurisdiction which you have to concern with.

  • Law librarians also can assist you to discover statutes.
  • Although there are many online services that comprise statutes, it’s far frequently less complicated to study the statutes in the hardback copy, so that you will easily flip through the sections.
  • At a law library, you could find “annotated” statutes, which means that there may be evidence of the law and a list of helpful cases which is listed after statutory provision.
  1. Study Law Evaluation Articles

Law evaluation articles are scholarly articles posted via law faculties written through legal experts and students. Those articles can offer correct background data and details. You may find articles through LexisNexis or Westlaw.

  • Ensure that you understand the options expressed in the law overview articles aren’t constantly the options of court, so they ought to not be depended on as truth to your memo.
  • Analyze controlling statutes or instances. The nutshell or practice manual must point out controlling cases in your location of law. The controlling case is the case which sets out legal rule and is continually cited for that rule.
  • Outline the controlling region of law. Start an outline in a clean word processing document. Outline the law according to the elements.
  • Then damage the rule into elements. This rule is divided into two elements: (1) reasonable geographic scope and (2) reasonable scope.
  1. Research Cases Using Westlaw or LexisNexis 

Although it is not unusual for one case to listing the rule—for instance, “non-competition on agreements must be fairly reasonable in geographic scope and duration”—one case can alone rarely define “reasonable.”

  • You must examine extensively to get a complete picture of how courts have defined those phrases and applied the factors of the policies.
  • To find cases, use keywords. As an example, you may search for instances wherein “non-competition” shows within 11 words of “reasonable” through typing as a search: “non-opposition” w/10 “affordable.” You can then examine the instances.
  • Add for your outline. If one detail of a non-compete settlement is that its time period is “reasonable,” then you definitely have to insert the names of all of the instances that talk this element. Consist of the facts of the case that are supported this ruling, for e.g., the period of the limitation.
  • Make sure to include the case name and the citation. This can make it less complicated to discover the case.
  • Shepardize the cases. You want to make sure that the guidelines you have diagnosed are current.
  • Now and again cases are overruled by means of different cases. A case that is overruled isn’t always binding on the current court and is not typically a robust case to use in a memo.
  • Companies maintain a document of which cases had been overruled. Finding through this record is referred to as “shepardizing’, both Westlaw and LexisNexis have shepardizing offerings.
  • To want help with shepardizing, just talk to the librarian in the law library.
  1. Assembling the Argument
  • Match records to legal elements. Now that you understand the factors of a legal claim, you could start matching records from file to those legal factors.
  • For your word processing file, paste and cut records into the outline that you have to type that lists are the legal rules.
  • As you paste your information into the outline, you must be capable of seeing how they relate to the other cases.
  • For instance, you could have 12 cases that talk about the geographic boundaries on non-compete agreements. A number of them will find a 150-mile, any other will discover a 75-mile radius immoderate, and one would possibly locate 50 miles reasonably. You may now see how your reality ( a 45-mile radius) suits in the case law
  1. Carry Out Additional Research

Some information doesn’t receive the smartly fit into your outline. As an example, your instances a non-compete problem is unacceptable in force for an “unlimited” quantity of time, however, every other case ought to say that a four-month non-compete condition is appropriate.

  • Dig deeper into your present research. You might have not noted something.
  • Have a look at the law in different states. Even though law from a one-of-a-kind state is not controlling, a courtroom may additionally, however, locate it persuasive.
  • Keep building your outline. As you do more research, you may find extra cases to feature to the outline. Continually look for cases whose statistics are much like yours.
  • You have to find yourself moving to and from out of your research to the case document and back once more. This is ideal. Only via analyzing deeply inside the regulation will you understand what information is relevant.
  1. Drafting the Memo

Address the memo on your target market. At the pinnacle left of the page, including who it is from and who it is addressed to. Write in block format, use 3 lines:

  • To [Name of partner or client].
  • From [Your Name].
  • Re enforceability of consumer’s non-compete settlement.


  • In case your client’s provision is nine months, then neither case appears to reply whether or not a nine-month condition is reasonable.

Legal rules are full of indistinct phrases like “limited”, “fair” and “not excessive”. Those phrases are fleshed out with next case regulation.

How do you write a legal memorandum?

When laying out the format for a legal memorandum, note that the following sections should be included:
  1. Heading.
  2. A statement of the legal issue.
  3. An answer to the legal issue.
  4. A statement of the facts.
  5. Discussion.
  6. Conclusion.

What is a legal memorandum?

The legal memorandum is the most formal, polished, and comprehensive written document for reporting the results of your legal research. It summarises and analyses the relevant law and applies it to a particular fact situation. In practice, the memorandum can be a crucial document to a case or file.

What are the parts of a legal memo?

The sections of a legal memorandum are:
  • Heading or Caption.
  • Facts.
  • Issue(s) Presented.
  • Brief Answer.
  • Reasoning or Discussion.
  • Conclusion.

How do you structure a memorandum?

You write “Memo” or “Memorandum” at the top, followed by a To line, a From line, a Date line, a Subject line, and then the actual body of the message. Traditionally, you would print out a memo and distribute it to the relevant parties inside your small business.

What is memorandum with example?

A memo (also known as a memorandum, or “reminder”) is used for internal communications regarding procedures or official business within an organization. Unlike an email, a memo is a message you send to a large group of employees, like your entire department or everyone at the company.

What are the three parts of a memorandum?

There are usually three main parts to a memo:1. The heading 2. The subject and date 3. The message.

What is not included in a memorandum?

While memos do not normally include a call to action that requires personal spending, they often represent the business or organization’s interests. They may also include statements that align business and employee interest, and underscore common ground and benefit.

What are the types of memorandum?

There are different types of memos, such as information request, confirmation, periodic report, suggestion and study results memos. The objective or the purpose of the message will differ based upon the type of memo you are writing.

How do you end a memorandum?

Just sign and date the signature, to officially “seal the deal” on the memo, and let the reader know who, exactly, the memo is coming from. It’s more important, however, to end the memo with a firm call for action, letting your readers know what specific action is to be taken.

Do you sign a memorandum?

The rule of thumb in memo writing is the shorter the memo the better. Memos are different than letters and do not have a closing other than a summary sentence. A signature is not put at the bottom. If necessary, the memo author initials or provides a signature along side his/her name in the header.

How do you sign off a legal memo?

“Yours sincerely”, “Sincerely yours” and “Sincerely” are all possible. “Yours sincerely” is the most common. “Sincerely” is one often used by lawyers.

Is regards a formal complimentary close?

Customary expressions used to close a formal business letter include Thank you, Sincerely, Sincerely yours, and Yours truly. Less formal expressions such as Regards, Best regards, and Best wishes should be used only when the writer is addressing a business associate that is also a friend.

What are the 4 kinds of complimentary close?

Complimentary close

“Sincerely,” “Yours truly” and “Cordially” work well for most forms of correspondence.

What is complimentary close in a message?

: the words (such as sincerely yours) that conventionally come immediately before the signature of a letter and express the sender’s regard for the receiver. — called also complimentary closing.

What is complimentary close written in?

The complimentary close is the word (such as “Sincerely”) or phrase (“Best wishes”) that conventionally appears before the sender’s signature or name at the end of a letter, email, or similar text. Also called a complimentary closing, close, valediction, or signoff.

What is a closing salutation?

If you want to be very formal in closing your business letter, consider using one of these phrases: Respectfully. Yours sincerely. Yours respectfully. Yours faithfully.

What is a closing salutation called?

A valediction (derivation from Latin vale dicere, “to say farewell”), or complementary close in American English, is an expression used to say farewell, especially a word or phrase used to end a letter or message, or the act of saying parting words whether brief or extensive.

How do you end a formal letter when you know their name?

Your full typewritten name and designation (on separate lines) should appear beneath your handwritten signature. If you do not know the name of the person you are writing to, begin with Dear Sir or Dear Sir or Madam or Dear Madam and end your letter with Yours faithfully, followed by your full name and designation.